This first paper in the DCAF-STRATIM paper series by Suat Kiniklioglu analyses the development of Turkeyâs policy towards Syria since the start of the Arab Uprisings. It illustrates the factors which contributed to the shift in Ankaraâs foreign policy focus towards Syria; from its role as the strongest advocate for regime change, to the sole focus on the prevention of a Kurdish consolidated geographical and political entity in Syria.
The author describes how Recep Tayyip ErdoÄan and Ahmed DavutoÄlu saw the Arab Uprisings as a unique âTurkish momentâ that could allow the country to regain its long-lost international grandeur. âAnkara detected that the Muslim Brotherhood was on the rise in the region. In Tunisia, the Ennahda Movement; in Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood (Ikhvan); and in many other Middle Eastern countries - including Syria - Ikhvan-affiliated movements were on the march.â
The author concludes that âcontrasting with the initial enthusiÂasm about a "Turkish Moment" when the Arab Uprisings erupted, Ankara will have to settle, it seems, for a much more modest outcome than originally envisaged in 2011.