This paper explores why coherence is a problem for internationally supported SSR and proposes ways to move forward. It begins by addressing the importance of mainstreaming core objectives and values underpinning the SSR approach. It then considers the imperative to develop integrated SSR programmes. This relates both to delivering on a âholisticâ SSR agenda but also to how post-conflict SSR can contribute to wider peacebuilding efforts. Opportunities are identified to bridge gaps between policy commitments and genuine behaviour change. The paper concludes with some observations on future directions that may support improved coherence in practice.